Information on symptoms and visual disorders

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Most common eye disease symptoms

PAIN IN THE EYE
If you experience pain in the eye, the cause must always be examined. Increased intraocular pressure or a serious infection may cause sudden severe pain, and redness of the eye and even nausea may also be experienced. If you have these symptoms you should seek treatment as soon as possible.


EYE REDNESS
There can be several causes for eye redness. The most common causes are usually quite harmless, for example dryness, allergies, fatigue or dust. If you experience eye redness without experiencing pain or reduced vision, you can treat the symptoms with self-medication found at your local pharmacy. However, the symptoms can be caused by an eye disease, especially if you experience any pain, light sensitivity or having a small item in your eye. In this case, you should make an appointment with an eye doctor.


EYE REDNESS AND DISCHARGE
If you experience eye redness and discharge, the cause is usually a bacterial infection that can be treated with antibiotic eye drops. If any pain and/or reduced vision is experienced, you should see an eye doctor.


EYE REDNESS AND ITCHING
Allergic redness and itching of the eyes is usually seasonal, and usually these symptoms appear together with other symptoms such as sneezing and sniffles. The treatment is allergy drops or pills.


EYE REDNESS AND FEELING SOMETHING IN THE EYE
These symptoms may be caused by corneal ulcer, an open sore in the eye. Usually you experience some tearing as well. You should see an eye doctor.

EYE REDNESS AND BLEEDING
These symptoms are usually caused by a harmless subconjunctial hemorrhage which heals by itself and does not require treatment. If it is caused by an injury, you should see an eye doctor.

 

EYE REDNESS AND SENSITIVITY TO LIGHT
These symptoms can be a sign of intraocular infection and require an examination by an eye doctor.


WATERY EYES
Watery eyes are quite common. For elderly people this can be caused by the reduced quality of the tear fluid, in which case the fluid is not as lubricating as it used to be and the eye produces more fluid than before. In this case the tears run down your face espcially in wind and dry indoor air, and when you have to stay up late or work with a computer. The treatment is moisturizing eye drops. Sometimes watery eyes are caused by blocked tear ducts, and the treatment then is to surgically open the tear ducts.


EYE REDNESS, SENSITIVITY TO LIGHT AND WATERY EYES
If these symptoms start suddenly during the night, they are often caused by a burn on the surface of the cornea. The burn can be caused by long exposure to sun light or by the radiation of a welding flame. The treatment is antibiotic cream, pain medication and closing your eyes when the symptoms appear.



Visual disorders

REDUCED VISION WITH AGE
This is usually caused by cataracts. We recommend an examination performed by an eye doctor, to evaluate if a check up is needed later or if surgical treatment is recommended.

REDUCED VISION AND BLURRED LINES
These can be a symptom of wet macular degeneration and requires immediate examination by an eye doctor and a computer-aided examination of the fundus.

FLASHES AND OPACITIES
These are usually caused by a macular hole which most people experience at some point. This condition requires an examination by an eye doctor who will examine the retina and if necessary will also perform laser surgery to treat this condition.


CURTAIN OVER THE FIELD OF VISION
A dark curtain over the field of vision can be caused by retinal detachment, which can cause reduced vision and blurred lines as it progresses. You should immediately see an eye doctor.


FLASHING LIGHTS AND HEADACHE
These are usually caused by migraine and are treated with migraine medication.


DEFECTS IN VISUAL FIELD
If these symptoms appear suddenly, they can be caused by cerebrovascular disorder, especially if symptoms such as communication deficits or paralysis appear as well. In this case, the cause of the symptoms must be examined in a hospital immediately. You should see your own doctor or go to hospital. If defects in visual field are slowly progressing, they can be caused by glaucoma. In this case you should see an eye doctor within the next few days.


SUDDEN AND PAINLESS REDUCED VISION OF THE OTHER EYE
If these symptoms appear suddenly, they can be caused by arterial thrombosis, which should be diagnosed and treated immediately. If the symptoms progress more slowly, they can be a sign of vein thrombosis, and you should see an eye doctor within the next few days.


SHARP PAIN AND BLURRED VISION
If you exprience sudden pain in the eye and dilated iris, and if blurred vision and even nausea are experienced as well, they can be caused by acute angle-closure glaucoma. In this case you should see an eye doctor immediately.


SENSITIVITY TO LIGHT AND BLURRED VISION
These symptoms can be a sign of iritis, if you also experience a small pupil and eye redness. The symptoms require an examination and treatment by an eye doctor.


REDUCED NEAR VISION
Presbyopia usually starts around the age of 40. It can be corrected with reading glasses and in some cases with presbyopia surgery. We recommend seeing an eye doctor to measure the refractive values and to examine the general health of the eyes.


DOUBLE VISION
Double vision always requires the examination and treatment by an eye doctor or a neurologist.