A cataract surgery is the single most common surgical procedure in the world. Everyone will be affected by cataracts sooner or later, and almost everyone will be treated with cataract surgery at some point in their lives. Cataract surgery is performed using either laser or ultrasound. The clouded lens will be replaced with a clear artificial lens, and after the surgery, the symptons complicating your life will disappear.
Cataract causes the lens to start clouding gradually. The symptoms include loss of vision, need to use brighter lights, troubles with reading, seeing far, seeing and driving in the dark. In other words, cataract will affect most aspects of your life. Some people get used to the symptoms of the gradually progressing disease, and only after the surgery will they understand how they have looked at their lives through a clouded lens.
An ophthalmic specialist will diagnose cataracts. In the examination, the specialist will test your visual acuity examine the structure of your eyes, iridocorneal angles, intraocular pressure, the structure of the lens and the state of the optical nerve and fundus. Various equipment will be utilized in the examination, such as OCT (optical coherence tomography), fundus camera, possibly perimetry to measure visual range, cornea topography. Other equipment is also used for selecting the lens to be used in the surgery.
After the examination, the surgery is scheduled. Before the surgery starts, you will receive drops to dilate the pupils and antibiotic drops in you eyes. You should arrive at the clinic approximately half an hour before the surgery, which will last from 5 to 15 minutes. After the operation you will receive instructions for aftercare before going home.
3. Check up
The check up appointment is usually a month after the surgery.
The purpose of the check up appointment is to ensure the healing of the eye, intraocular pressure and fundus are normal. If glasses are needed, you will receive a prescription.
After the surgery, your vision will improve, colours will look brighter and you will not need glasses all the time, perhaps you may not need glasses at all. Your mobility will improve thanks to better vision, and many people say that even their spirits have improved due to their improved vision after the surgery. The results of cataract surgery are permanent and lenses will not need to be changed.